EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF THE BRICKS PRODUCED IN KONYA
The demand of becoming powerful against environmental conditions caused people to perform many various researches on this subject. Thereby, the combination of clay with water and reacting with fire constituted the formation of fired brick. At first, the human beings have used fired clay to produce pot, bowl, etc. and presented serious advances in such productions. As a result of observations and experiences on fired brick, today's brick production was formed.
Besides dividing the spaces in the buildings, the brick walls have some other functions for reinforced concrete and masonry structures. For reinforced concrete buildings, the brick walls have functionality in terms of decreasing the oscillation period of the building during an earthquake, reducing the goods and life losses during a possible earthquake and protecting the building from atmospheric and external harmful effects. For masonry buildings, the brick walls form the load bearing system of the buildings besides the aforementioned functions. In order to fulfill these functions properly, the appropriateness of the physical and mechanical properties of the clay units forming the brick walls to the related standards' criteria has great importance.
In this study, were used the bricks produced in Konya belonging to four different companies . The nominal size of the bricks 8,5x19x19, 13,5x19x19, 13,5x19x29 cm. For each brick type by applying physical tests on the specimens, the obtained results were compared with the criteria prescribed in the related standards.
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4 TS EN 771-1 A1: 2005, Kagir Birimler – Özellikler – Bölüm1: Kil Kagir Birimler (Tuğlalar)/ Specification for masonry units - part 1: clay masonry units
6 TS EN 772-16 Aralık 2012, Kagir Birimler – Deney Yöntemleri – Bölüm 16: Boyutların Tayini/ Part 16: Determination of dimensions
7 TS EN 772-3 Kâgir birimler - Deney metotları - Bölüm 3: Kil kâgir birimlerin net hacmi ve boşluk yüzdesinin su içerisinde tartma metoduyla tayini/ Methods of test for mortar for masonry units - Part 3: Determination of net volume and percentage of voids of clay masonry units by hydrostatic weighing
8 TS EN 772-7 Kâgir birimler - Deney metotları - Bölüm 7: Kil kâgir - Su yalıtım tabakası birimlerinde suda kaynatma metoduyla su emme tayini/ Methods of test for masonry units – Part 7: Determination of water absorption of clay masonry damp proof course units by boiling in water
9 TS EN 772-9 Kagir birimler - Deney metotları - Bölüm 9: Kil ve kireç kumtaşı kagir birimlerin boşluk hacmi ve yüzdesi ile net hacimlerinin kum doldurma metodu ile tayini/ Methods of test for masonry units – Part 9: Determination of volume and percentage of voids and net volume of clay and calcium silicate masonry units by sand filling
10 TS EN 772-13 Kâgir birimler - Deney metotları - Bölüm 13: Kagir birimlerin net ve brüt kuru birim hacim kütlelerinin tayini (Doğal taş hariç)/ Methods of test for masonry units – Part 13: Determination of net and gross dry density of masonry units (except for natural stone)
11 TS EN 772-20 Kâgir birimler - Deney metotları- Bölüm 20: Kâgir birimlerde yüzey düzlüğünün tayini/ Methods of test for masonry units – Part 20: Determination of flatness of faces of masonry units